Prediction of digestible and metabolisable energy in soybean meals produced from soybeans of different origins fed to growing pigs
时间: 2015 来源: 农业部饲料中心
作者：Li ZC, Wang XX, Guo PP, Liu L, Piao XS, Stein HH, Li DF and Lai CH*
期刊：Arch Anim Nutr.2015.doi:10.1080/1745039X.2015.1095461
摘要：The objective of this experiment was to determine the digestible energy (DE) and metabolisable energy (ME) in 22 sources of soybean meal (SBM) produced from soybeans from different countries and subsequently to establish equations for predicting the DE and ME in SBM based on their chemical composition. The 22 sources of SBM were all processed in Chinese crushing plants, but the soybeans used originated from China (n = 6), the US (n = 6), Brazil (n = 7) or Argentina (n = 3). The basal diet was a corn-based diet and 22 additional diets were formulated by mixing corn and 24.3% of each source of SBM. The average DE and ME in SBM from China, the US,Brazil and Argentina were 15.73, 15.93, 15.64 and 15.90 MJ/kg and 15.10, 15.31,14.97 and 15.42 MJ/kg, respectively, and no differences among countries were observed. From a stepwise regression analysis, a series of DE and ME prediction equations were generated. The best-fit equations for SBM were DE = 38.44–0.43 crude fibre −0.98 gross energy +0.11 acid detergent fibre (R2 = 0.67, p < 0.01) and ME = 2.74 + 0.97 DE −0.06 crude protein (R2 = 0.79, p < 0.01). In conclusion, there were no differences in the DE and ME of SBM among the different soybean sources used in this experiment. The DE and ME of SBM of different origin can be predicted based on their chemical composition when fed to growing pigs.